Bhubaneswar, July 13: For the first time in Odisha, Expansile Cranioplasty, a surgical procedure undertaken to correct abnormal skull development in infants, has been successfully conducted at the Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital here.
The process, known as the Fronto-orbital advancement, was conducted by renowned neurosurgeon Prof. Ashok Mohapatra on a seven-month-old baby suffering from a disorder known as Craniostenosis.
“Craniostenosis is a disorder in which there is early fusion of the sutures of the skull in childhood that leads to abnormally shaped head impairing the brain’s growth,” Prof. Mohapatra, who led the team that conducted the complex separation of the conjoined twins from Odisha at AIIMS, New Delhi, said.
Prof. Mohapatra, presently the Director (Medical Programmes) at SOA (Deemed to be University), said the surgery on the baby from Mayurbhanj district was conducted two weeks ago. The baby recovered well and has since been discharged from the hospital, he said.
“The aim of the procedure was to expand the skull to create space for the brain to grow properly. The skull expands from 35 cm to 60 cm by the time the child turned five,” he said adding if there was any abnormality in skull development, it would prevent the brain from growing properly.
“Such surgeries are not very common and around six to eight such procedures are conducted at the AIIMS, New Delhi every year. There are barely 20-25 surgeons in the world who conduct this surgery,” Prof. Mohapatra, former head of neurosurgery at AIIMS who has conducted 300 to 350 such operations so far, said.
The ideal time to go for Expansile Cranioplasty is when the baby is between six to nine months of age. “Usually titanium, stainless steel or alloy plates are used in the surgery which are fixed with screws,” he said.
“The procedure used to take 12-15 hours in the seventies but now it can be done in three hours,” the neurosurgeon said.